Research funding bodies may require certain actions for research data. Currently, two of the three federal funding agencies have data preservation policies, with SSHRC specifying that data be kept for 2 years and CIHR for 5 years. Of the Tri-Agency, only CIHR currently requires certain types of data to be shared:
"CIHR will now require grant recipients to deposit bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data into the appropriate public database, as already required by most journals, immediately upon publication of research results".
The public database/archive requirements are as follows:
- Nucleic acid sequences: GenBank
- Gene expression data: Gene Expression Omnibus
- Structure data: Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics (RCSB) Protein Data Bank
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): The Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Database
- Molecular interaction data: International Molecular Exchange Consortium (IMEx) partners
- DNA and clinical data related to the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC): dbMHC
- Data underlying scientific and medical publications: Dryad Repository
- Proteomics data: PRoteomics IDEntifications database (PRIDE) [European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI)]; PeptideAtlas [Institute for Systems Biology (ISB)]; Global Proteomics Machine (GPM)
There have been recent developments in the federal funding landscape in relation to research data mandates, with discussion around potential aligned requirements in preservation, sharing and the submission of data management plans.In June 2016, the Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management was adopted by SSHRC, CIHR and NSERC, with the following statement:
"Canada’s three federal research funding agencies—the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) —are in the process of reviewing and enhancing their data management requirements for agency-supported research. As a step in this process, the agencies have developed the Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management (2016).
The Statement outlines the agencies’ overarching expectations with regard to digital research data management, and the responsibilities of researchers, research communities, institutions and funders in meeting these expectations. It complements and builds upon existing agency policies, such as SSHRC’s Research Data Archiving Policy (1990), and will serve as a guide to assist the research community in preparing for, and contributing to the development of, tri-agency data management requirements."