Tri-Agency (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC)
The Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy was announced on March 15, 2021. There will be an incremental approach taken to policy implementation.
While this policy is implemented, research funding bodies may require certain actions for research data. Currently, two of the three federal funding agencies have data preservation policies:
- SSHRC (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council) has a Research Data Archiving Policy specifying that data be made available within 2 years:
"All research data collected with the use of SSHRC funds must be preserved and made available for use by others within a reasonable period of time. SSHRC considers "a reasonable period" to be within two years of the completion of the research project for which the data was collected".
- NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council) does not have a policy related to research data management.
- CIHR (Canadian Institutes of Health Research) has an Open Access Policy that indicates,
- Data must be kept for 5 years:
"CIHR now requires grant recipients to retain original data sets arising from CIHR-funded research for a minimum of five years after the end of the grant. This applies to all data, whether published or not."CIHR-funded now requires grant recipients to retain original data sets arising from CIHR"
- Bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data must be deposited into a public repository:
"CIHR will now require grant recipients to deposit bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data into the appropriate public database, as already required by most journals, immediately upon publication of research results (e.g., deposition of nucleic acid sequences into GenBank)."
The public database/archive requirements are as follows:
- Gene expression data: Gene Expression Omnibus
- Molecular interaction data: International Molecular Exchange Consortium (IMEx) partners
- Nucleic acid sequences: GenBank
- Proteomics data: PRoteomics IDEntifications database (PRIDE) [European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI)]
- Proteomics data: PeptideAtlas [Institute for Systems Biology (ISB)]
- Proteomics data: Global Proteomics Machine (GPM)
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): The Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Database
- Structure data: Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics (RCSB) Protein Data Bank
- Data underlying scientific and medical publications: Dryad Repository
Tri-Agency policy development
June 2018: Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy For Consultation [Draft Policy] (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC)
January 2018: Tri-Agency Data Management Policy Initiative (Presentation: Matthew Lucas, Executive Director, Corporate Strategy and Performance, SSHRC)
June 2016: Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC)
October 2013: Capitalizing on Big Data: Towards a Policy Framework for Advancing Digital Scholarship in Canada (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC, CFI)