Tri-Agency funding (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC)
Research funding bodies may require certain actions for research data. Currently, two of the three federal funding agencies have data preservation policies:
SSHRC has a Research Data Archiving Policy specifying that data be made available within 2 years:
"All research data collected with the use of SSHRC funds must be preserved and made available for use by others within a reasonable period of time. SSHRC considers "a reasonable period" to be within two years of the completion of the research project for which the data was collected".
CIHR has an Open Access Policy that indicates,
- Data must be kept for 5 years:
"CIHR now requires grant recipients to retain original data sets arising from CIHR-funded research for a minimum of five years after the end of the grant. This applies to all data, whether published or not."CIHR-funded now requires grant recipients to retain original data sets arising from CIHR"
- Bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data must be deposited into a public repository:
"CIHR will now require grant recipients to deposit bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data into the appropriate public database, as already required by most journals, immediately upon publication of research results (e.g., deposition of nucleic acid sequences into GenBank)."
The public database/archive requirements are as follows:
- DNA and clinical data related to the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC): dbMHC
- Gene expression data: Gene Expression Omnibus
- Molecular interaction data: International Molecular Exchange Consortium (IMEx) partners
- Nucleic acid sequences: GenBank
- Proteomics data: PRoteomics IDEntifications database (PRIDE) [European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI)]
- Proteomics data: PeptideAtlas [Institute for Systems Biology (ISB)]
- Proteomics data: Global Proteomics Machine (GPM)
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): The Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Database
- Structure data: Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics (RCSB) Protein Data Bank
- Data underlying scientific and medical publications: Dryad Repository
NSERC does not have a policy related to research data management.
Tri-Agency policy development
June 2016: Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC)
October 2013: Capitalizing on Big Data: Towards a Policy Framework for Advancing Digital Scholarship in Canada (SSHRC, CIHR, NSERC, CFI)