Permission to publish or republish creative works rests with the author of the work not the University of Toronto Libraries. We recommend that you contact the author or publisher of the work to seek these permissions.
In many countries, the author's copyright expires after a certain period. Check to see if the work you wish to reproduce is in the public domain. Public domain works must still be attributed to the author, however.
|Country||When the work enters public domain||Legislation|
|Canada||50 years after the author's death||Canadian Copyright Act|
|United States||Max. 95 years or 120 years with several exceptions||U.S. Copyright Act of 1976|
|United Kingdom||Depends on the work type. For literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works: 70 years from the end of the calendar year in which the last remaining author of the work dies.||Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 see also: Intellectual Property Office|
|France||70 years after the author's death||Code de la propriété intellectuelle|
|Germany||70 years after the author's death||Gesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte (Urheberrechtsgesetz)|
|Mexico||100 years after the death of the author||Ley Federal del Derecho de Autor del 5 de diciembre de 1996|